Water Analysis and Treatment in Petroleum Industry

Description:

Without water, there would be no oceans, no lakes, no rivers, no rain, no snow, no hail, no clouds, no polar ice caps, no Jolt cola, nothing to drink whatsoever, and probably no you, no me, no nothing! Water is everywhere; it defines our planet; it is intricately involved in just about every process on this planet in one way or another. Water rules! This ten days course describes the chemistry of water, water treatment system, and also chemical analysis of water in petroleum industry.

Objectives:

By the end of the course the participant will be able to:

  • Understand the basics of different water treatment systems, pretreatment systems, drinking water systems, boiler water treatment systems, demineralization plants, reverse osmosis (feed and product water treatment),

  • Be aware of industrial waste water plants (API, TPI, CPI, & DAF), chlorination of water for drinking and cooling purposes

  • Understand the related lab tests for every water treatment systems

  • Know the significance and standard legislations of all parameters

  • Relate between lab tests and the different water plant

Outlines:

  • Fundamental theoretical principles:
  • Introduction
  • Atomic structure
  • Quantum number
  • Energy levels
  • Chemical bonds
  • Acids, base and salts
  • Compound, mixture and solutions
  • Acids and base radicals
  • The electrolytic dissociation
  • The law of mass action
  • Strengths of acids and bases
  • Complex ions
  • The ionic product of water
  • The hydrogen-ion exponent, PH
  • Buffer solutions
  • Stander solutions
  • Normal solutions
  • Molar solutions
  • Atomic weight and equivalent weight
  • Indicators
  • Electrode potentials
  • Chemical reaction
  • First law of thermo-dynamic
  • Reversible and irreversible processes
  • Heat content
  • Heat of reaction
  • Heat of solution
  • Heat of neutralization
  • Water quality
  • Water quality requirements
  • Drinking Water
  • Raw Water Sources for Public Supply
  • Purification processes
  • Removal of insoluble particles
  • Distillation vapor compression distillation
  • Ion exchange
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Electroloiyis
  • Desalination
  • Vapor compression desalination plants
  • Process description
  • Operation and control
  • Uses of water in petroleum industry
  • Unit operation of water treatment:
  • Coagulation and flocculation
  • Coagulation
  • Flocculation
  • Coagulation and flocculation chemical
  • Solids/liquid separation
  • Removal of solids from water
  • Sedimentation
  • Hindered Settling
  • Filtration
  • Removal of water from sludge
  • Thickening
  • Gravity Thickening
  • Chemical Treatment
  • Electroosmosis
  • Precipitation
  • Softening by preoccupation
  • Complete lime softening
  • Silica removal
  • Boiler Water Treatment
  • Deposits
  • Corrosion
  • External Treatment
  • Suspended Solids
  • Hardness
  • Alkalinity
  • Silica
  • Total Dissolved Solids
  • Organic Matte
  • Dissolved Gases
  • Condensate Returns
  • Internal Treatment
  • Coagulation Program
  • Waste water treatment
  • Introduction
  • Physical methods
  • Chemical methods
  • Biological methods
  • General conclusions on wastewater treatment
  • Effectiveness of aqueous waste removal