Gas Dehydration and Booster Station Utilities

Description:

Most natural gas streams leaving the reservoir contain water vapor. In many cases, free water is also produced along with the natural gas. Natural gas cools as it travels up the well bore to the surface due to pressure reduction and conduction of heat through the pipe to cooler formation walls since the ability of gas to hold water vapor decreases as gas temperature decreases produced natural gas is nearly always saturated with water vapor when it reaches the surface. Additional cooling of saturated gas will cause free water to form. If the gas is further cooled, hydrates will form and serious equipment damage or flow restrictions will result. This is why it is so important to remove water vapor from natural gas. There are several methods for dehydrating natural gas which will be covered in this course?

Objectives:

By the end of this course, participant will be able to:

  • Be familiar with natural gas handling and processing.
  • Predict of formation conditions
  • Estimate of quantity of water to remove from gas
  • Be familiar with of main gas dehydration methods.
  • Select of dehydration method.
  • Be familiar with glycol dehydration process.
  • Understand principles and types and selection of adsorbing materials.
  • Understand the fundamentals of chemical injection and booster utilities¬†

Outlines:

  • Introduction.
  • Hydrates.
  • Gas Dehydration.
  • Glycol Dehydration Process.
  • Desicant-Bed Dehydration Process.
  • Learn theory of operation of the following systems:
  • Routine and emergency operation of fire water pumps
  • Principle of chemical injection
  • Booster station utilities and power generating systems
  • Firefighting systems¬†