Gas Drying, Sweetening and Processing

Description:

This course covers the various aspects of gas process treatments and sulphur recovery. Discussions on the chemistry of acid and sour gas sweetening as well as the processes of sulphur recovery will take place. It will also concentrate on the various processes of removal and recovery of sulphur compounds and the participants will be encouraged to interact through open discussions and group exercises

Goal:

To enhance the participants' knowledge, skills and abilities necessary to understand sweetening and Sulphur recovery technologies

Objectives:

By the end of this course, the participants will be able to:

  • Be familiar with feed specifications

  • Understand glycol systems

  • Understand the meaning of tripping

  • Understand drying of gases and glycol system

  • Be familiar with dehydration operating problems

  • Be familiar with gas sweetening

Outlines:

  • Feed Specifications
  • Glycol Systems
  • The function of glycol system.
  • Design and operating conditions.
  • Impact of the failure of the system on plant operations.
  • Regeneration technique and PH control.
  • Stripping (Design and operating conditions, Effect of chilling, Impact on the failure/less efficiency in the chilling.
  • Fractionation Section
  • Design and operating conditions.
  • Processing of NGL feed from stripping section.
  • Gas Adip Treating Section
  • Design/operating conditions.
  • Feed gas and product gas quality, how adip is being regenerated.
  • Propane Adiptreating Section
  • Product Treating Section
  • Product Cooling Section
  • Refrigeration
  • Effect of refrigeration failure/less efficiency.
  • Compressor/turbine details.
  • Effect of compressor failure on feed.
  • Fuel Gas System
  • Hot Oil System (Design and operating conditions, furnace lighting sequence and safety devices, impact of the failure of the system on the rest of the plant.
  • Drying of Gases and Glycol System
  • Absorption by using Mono or Di or Triethylene glycol.
  • Compression and cooling by using refrigerant.
  • Adsorption by using activated alumina, charcoal, clay and silica gel.
  • Molecular sieves.
  • Function of the Glycol Regeneration Unit
  • Dehydration Operating Problems (foaming, degradation, crystallization (breezing) of glycol, glycol losses, inadequate mist extraction, salt plugging the regenerator still column, spillage of glycol and pump leakage).
  • Gas Sweetening
  • General Considerations and Safety
  • Types of Contaminants
  • Process Selection and Classification
  • Chemistry of Gas Sweetening
  • Operating Problems
  • Selective Sweetening System

Who Can Benefit?

Chemical engineers.

Shift engineers & operators.