Blending Operations


This course is designed as a comprehensive and practical refining overview covering a range of complexities from simple topping units to extremely complex high-conversion refineries with aromatics production and recovery technologies


To enhance the participants, knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to improve efficiency of distillates blending and to improve understanding of asphalt blending and residual fuel blending.


By the end of this course, participant will be able to:

  • Understand the purpose of blending & blending methods.

  • Be familiar with gasoline components and specifications.

  • Calculate gasoline quality.

  • Be familiar with different types of blending


  • Introduction (Purpose of Blending & Blending Methods).
  • Purpose of Blending Operations.
  • Operational Requirements and Variables.
  • Blending Methods (Batch Blending, In-Line Blending).
  • Gasoline Components and Specifications.
  • Products Produced by Blending Operations & Grades of Gasoline.
  • Gasoline Specifications (Volatility, Vapor / Liquid Ratio, Octane Number).
  • Gasoline Quality.
  • Calculating Gasoline Quality.
  • Additives & Reformulated Gasoline.
  • Gasoline Blending.
  • In-line Blending System.
  • Examples of In-Line Gasoline Blending.
  • Distillates Blending.
  • Jet Fuel Components and specifications.
  • Diesel Fuel Components and Specifications.
  • Furnace Oil Components and Specifications.
  • Asphalt Blending and Residual Fuel Blending.
  • Types of Asphalts (Straight Run Asphalts, Liquid Asphalts, Blown Asphalts).
  • Asphalt Specifications.
  • Residual Fuel Components and Specifications.

Who Can Benefit?

Chemicals engineers

Shift engineers